AURAIYA (Compiled from various sources )
On 17th September,1997 two tehsils named Auraiya and Bidhuna were seperated from district Etawah to form the new district named as Auraiya. It is situated on National Highway no. 2 and 64 km. in the east of district headquarter of Etawah and 105 km. in west of Kanpur city. Auriya having 7 Blocks named Ajitmal, Bhagyanagar, Sahar, Bidhuna, Achalda, Erwakatra, Auraiya. The district Auraiya has three tehsils Auraiya, Bidhuna and Ajitmal. The district Auraiya has 10 police stations of Auraiya, Dibiyapur, Sahayal, Ajitmal. Phaphoond, Ayana, Achhalda, Bidhuna, Bela and Airwakatra. The district of Auraiya lies in the south-western portion of Uttar Pradesh 26.4667°N 79.5167°E and also forms a part of the Kanpur Division. It borders the districts of Kannauj on the north, Etawah on the west, Kanpur Dehat district on the east, and Jalaun to the south. It has an average elevation of 133 metres (436 feet).
The oldest name of Auraiya was Narayanpur named after Narandas Sangiha Brahmin in 1521. The Narayanpur place was occasionally affected by disasters hence people has prayed for remedy to faqir Jmalshah. Then after faqir suggestion the name of place has been changed to AUR HI which later changed to Auraiya.
The Auraiya District covers an area of 2,054 km2 (793 sq mi), of which more than one-third is designated rural. The main rivers which flows through the district are Yamuna, Senger, Arind, Pando and Ahnaiya. The total length of the Yamuna in the district is about 112 km. Auraiya lies entirely in the Indo-Gangetic Plain, but its physical features vary considerably and are determined by the rivers which cross it.
Under the Rohillas In 1760 A.D. Ahmad Shah Durrani invaded India; he was opposed in 1761 by the Marathas on the field of Panipat and inflicted on them a signal defeat. Among other Maratha chieftains Govind Rao Pandit lost his life in the action. Before his departure from India the Durrani chief consigned large tracts of country to the Rohilla chieftains, and while Dhunde Khan received Shikohabad, Inayat Khan, son of Hafiz Rahmat Khan received the district of Etawah. This was then in the possession of the Marathas, and accordingly in 1762 a Rohilla force was sent under Mullah Mohsin Khan to wrest the assigned property from the Marathas. This force was opposed near the town of Etawah by Kishan Rao and Bala Rao Pandits, who were defeated and compelled to seek safety in flight across the Yamuna. Siege was then laid to the fort of Etawah by Mohsin Khan; but the fort was soon surrendered by its commander, and the district fell into the hands of the Rohillas. The occupation, however, was merely nominal at first; the zamindars refused to pay revenue to Inayat Khan and, secure in their mud forts set his authority at defiance. Strong reinforcements were sent to the Rohillas, including some artillery, under Sheikh Kuber and Mullah Baz Khan, and many of the smaller forts were levelled to the grounds; but in their ravine fortresses the zamindars of Kamait in the trans-Yamuna tract still resisted the authority of Inayat Khan. Hafiz Rahmat and Inayat Khan then came in person to Etawah and operations were vigorously pressed against the refractory zamindars. Ultimately an annual tribute was agreed to by the latter. Hafiz Rahmat then departed to Bareilly, and Rohilla garrisons were established at convenient places in the district. Meanwhile a new minister arose at Delhi called Najib Khan, better known as Najib-ud-daula, Amir-ul-umra, Shuja-ud-daula succeeded Safdar Jang as Nawab Wazir and occupied most of the Bangash possessions as far as Aligarh, with the exception of those granted by the Durrani to the Rohillas after he battle of Pandit. But the wazir's hostility to the Farrukhabad Afghans had not abated one jot, and in 1762 he persuaded Najib-ud-daula to join him in an attack on Farrukhabad. The attack was beaten off by the aid of Hafiz Rahmat Khan and matters once more settled down peacefully.
In 1766 the Marathas under Mulhar Rao, who had been awaiting their opportunity, once more crossed the Jamuna and attacked Phaphund , where a Rohilla force under Muhammad Hasan Khan eldest son of Mohsin Khan, was posted. On receipt of this news Hafiz Rahmat advanced from Bareilly to oppose the Marathas. He was joined near Phaphund by Sheikh Kuber, the Rohilla governor of Etawah, and prepared to give battle; but Mulhar Rao refused to risk an engagement and once more retired across the Jamuna. The ambitions Najib-ud-daula had been considerably irritated by the intervention of the Rohillas on behalf of Ahmad Khan Bangladesh in 1762; and though he had been too busily engaged otherwise to pursue his plans of revenge before, he began in 1770 to plot the downfall of Hafiz Rahmat Khan. Accordingly a Maratha army was invited to Delhi for the purpose of first wresting Farrukhabad from Ahmad Khan and of afterwards invading Rohikhand. The united forces of Najib-ud-daula and the Marathas advanced from Delhi; but at Koil Najib-ud-daula fell ill and retraced his steps, leaving his eldest son, Zabita Khan to operate with the Marathas. Zabita Khan however, was by no means disposed to fight against his brother Afghans. The Marathas, knowing this, kept him practically a prisoner in their camp and he requested Hafiz Rahmat Khan to obtain his release. Hafiz Rahmat Khan accordingly opened negotiations with the Marathas for the release of Zabita Khan; but the Maratha leaders demanded as their price the surrender of the jagirs of Etawah and Shikohabad. Hafiz Rahmat Khan was not disposed to agree to those terms, and while negotiations were proceeding for buying off the Marathas Zabita Khan escaped. Several desultory engagements now took place between the Marathas and the Afghan forces. Inayat khan was summoned by his father to Farrukhabad in order that he might be consulted regarding the surrendering of his jagirs. But although Dhunde Khan agreed to give up Shikohabad Inayat Khan refused to surrender Etawah. Ultimately, disgusted with his father's arrangements he returned to Bareilly, and his father on his own responsibility sent orders to Sheikh Kuber, the Rohilla governor of Etawah, to surrender the fort to the Marathas. The Marathas now marched to Etawah, but as the orders had not yet reached him Sheikh Kuber gave them battle. Several desperate assaults were made on the fort of Etawah which were all beaten off, but finally it was handed over to the Marathas in accordance with hafiz Rahmat Khan's orders, and the Rohillas quitted the district, leaving it once more in the hands of the Marathas. Later in the same year, 1771 A.D., the Marathas advanced to Delhi and reinstated the emperor Shah Alam, who had cast in his lot with them, on the throne. They were now masters of the empire and Zabita Khan determined to oppose them. Assembling his forces, he attacked the Marathas near Delhi but was signally defeated, and in 1772 the Marathas overran a large portion of Rohilkhand and captured Najafgarh, where Zabita Khan's family resided and his treasure lay.
Under the Government of Oudh Zabita Khan then solicited the aid of Shuja-ud-daula, Nawab Wazir of Oudh; but the Nawab declined to interfere unless Hafiz Rahmat Khan applied on his behalf. Negotiations were commenced with Shah Alam and the Marathas for the restoration of Zabita Khan's family and the evacuation of Rohilkhand. The Marathas agreed to accept 40 lakhs of rupees, provided that Shuja-ud-daula made himself responsible for the payment; but Shuja-ud-daula now declined to enter into any such engagement unless Hafiz Rahmat Khan gave him a bond for the money. To this Hafiz Rahmat Khan consented, the bond was signed and the Marathas retired from Rohilkhand. In 1773 A.D. the Marathas proposed to attack Shuja-ud-daula and attempted to gain the help of Hifaz Rahmat Khan. The latter refused to him them. Instead he sent information to Shuja-ud-daula concerning what he had done, and on the strength of this requested restoration of his bond. Shuja-ud-daula expressed his approval of Hafiz Rahmat Khan's conduct and promised the restitution of the bond when the Marathas as had been defeated. The Marathas were defeated soon after at Asadpur by the combined forces of Shuja-ud-daula and Hafiz Rahmat Khan, with the result that they quitted not only Rohilkhand but Delhi also. Shuja-ud-daula then returned to Oudh, but denied ever having promised to restore the bond. He next seduced many of the Afghan Rohillas from their allegiance to Hafiz Rahmat Khan, and then proceeded to eject the Maratha garrisons from Etawah and Shikohabad in spite of Rahmat Khan's remonstrance. He ever went further and called on Hafiz Rahmat Khan to discharge the balance of 35 lakhs due on the bond. This was only a pretext for provoking hostilities for which purpose the Nawab had already begun to assemble an army; and Hafiz Rahmat Khan having failed to pay up, the Nawab advanced to the Ganges. The last scene in the tangled history of the period closed with the defeat of Hafiz Rahmat Khan by Shuja-ud-daula who was aided by a British force, at the battle of Miranpur Katra in the Shahjahanpur district on April 23rd 1774 A.D.
Etawah under the Oudh Government.
From 1774 to 1801 the district of Etawah remained under the government of Oudh. Little occurred to disturb it during this period and little is known regarding its history. For many years the administration of the district was in the hands of Mian Almas Ali Khan. Ails were stationed, we know, at Etawah, Kudarkot and Phaphunnd. One of those who held office at the last named placed was Raja Bhagmal or Baramal. The latter was by Caste a Jat and was sister's son to Almas Ali Khan, who was by birth a Hindu but was subsequently made a eunuch and converted to Islam. Raja Bhagmal built the fort at Phaphund and the old mosque which still bears an inscription recording thenamed of donor. Almas Ali Khan was, recording to Colonie Sleeman,"the greatest and best man" Oudh ever produced; be amassed great wealth, but having no descendant, he spent his money for the benefit of the people committed to his charge. He held court occasionally at Kudarkot where he built a fort, of which the massive ruins still remain. At Etawah the amils are said to have resided in the fort; but the building was destroyed by Shuja-ud-daula in consequence of the representations of the Etawah towns people that, so long as the amils occupied such an impregnable residence, they would never do anything but oppress the people.
Sir A.O. Hume was collector of Etawah. He had laid the foundation of various primary schools for modern education. One of such Primary school was at Anantram ( nowadays Anantram police outpost is being run at this school). The Inspection House of Atsu (present day Atsu police outpost) is also founded by Sir A.O.Hume.
The District features an atypical version of the humid subtropical climate. Summers are long and the weather is extremely hot from early April to mid-October, with the monsoon season in between. The average annual rainfall in the district is 792 mm. About 85% of the annual normal rainfall in the district is received during the south west monsoon months from June to September, August being the rainiest month. The brief, mild winter starts in late November, peaks in January and heavy fog often occurs. Temperatures in the district range from 3 to 46 °C, with May being the hottest and January being the coolest month. During the rainy season the relative humidity is generally high being over 70%. Thereafter the humidity decreases and by summer which is the driest part of the year the relative humidity in the afternoons become less than 30%.
The area of cultivable land in the district in 1990-91 was 141624 hectares. According to the 1990-91 agricultural survey, the total number of active cultivable lands remained to be 151838. Most of the cultivables are small. The count of cultivables less than 0.5 hectares remained to be 47.65%, and between 0.5 & 1.0 hectares the culivables remained to be 23.76%, and 1.0 to 2.0, it were 17.33%, and 2.0 to 4.0 hectare cultivable land's percentage was 8.54%, and more than 4.0 it were 2.72%
As of 2012, Auraiya district comprises 2 tehsils (Auraiya and Bidhuna), 2 census towns, 7 statutory towns (Ajitmal, Bhagyanagar, Sahar, Bidhuna, Achalda, Erwakatra and Auraiya) and 841 villages. It also has its own Nagar Palika Parishad.
Mala Srivastava, IAS is the current District Magistrate. She joined District Auraiya in June 2014.
Auraiya district comprises 10 police stations and three police circles. Shri Akhilesh Kumar Chaurasia is present Superintendent of Police Auraiya from July 2014. Shri S.K.Rai, Addl. S.P., Shri Shiv Raj C.O. City Auraiya and C.O. Ajitmal, Shri Rajiv Kumar C.O. Bidhuna are posted. The various police stations and their jurisdictions are as follows-
||Shri Ashutosh Pandey, I.P.S.
||I.G. Zone Kanpur
||Shri N. Chaudhary I.P.S.
||D.I.G. Range Kanpur
||Shri Manoj Tiwari, I.P.S.
||Shri Vipul kumar Srivastav, P.P.S.
||Addl. S.P. Auraiya
||Circle City Auraiya
||Shri Ramesh kumar bhartiya, P.P.S.
||C.O. City. Auraiya
||Ps Mahila Thana
||Ms. Deepa Singh, S.I.
||Shri Ajay Pathak S.I.
||Shri Vikrmajeet singh inps.
||Shri Anwar Ahmad, S.I.
||Shri Udy Pratap , P.P.S.
||Shri Shailendra Singh, S.I.
||Shri Krasn Dev Yadav S.I.
||Shri Shailendra Singh, Insp.
||Shri Rajeev Kumar, P.P.S.
||Shri Aditya Prakash, Insp.
||Shri Shiv Kumar, S.I.
||Shri Jeetendra Singh Chandel, S.I.
||Ps Airwa Katra
||Shri Vinod Yadav, S.I.
Auraiya District comes under Kannauj (202- Bidhuna) and Etawah (203- Dibiyapur and 204- Auraiya Sadar) Lok Sabha constituency. Smt. Dimple Yadav of Samajwadi Party is current MP from Kannauj and Shri Ashok Dohre of Bhartiy Janta Party is current MP from Etawah.
In Uttar Pradesh legislative assembly election, 2012 Samajwadi Party's cadidates won all three Assembly seats of the district.
- 204 - Auraiya- Madan Singh Gautam(SP)
- 202- Bidhuna- Pramod Kumar Gupta (SP)
- 203- Dibiyapur- Pradeep Kumar Yadav (SP).
Auraiya district is one of the backward districts in industrial sector declared by the government of Uttar Pradesh state. Only the two town areas, Dibiyapur and Auraiya, are equipped with main industries. Dibiyapur is notable industrial town of this district which has installations of India's leading Public Sector Enterprises viz. 663 MW Combined cycle power plant of NTPC, Petrochemical plant and Gas compressor station of GAIL. The Uttar Pradesh Petrochemical Complex (UPPC) of Gas Authority of India Limited is located at Pata, Distt. Auraiya, U.P. It was set up in accordance with GAIL's mission to maximise the value addition from each fraction of Natural Gas. GAIL Pata plant and NTPC Dibiyapur are the two installations of national importance. Plastic City Dibiyapur and a private Power Plant at Dibiyapur is being developed.
District has 8 Railway Station/Halt among them three main railway stations are Achhalda, Phaphund (Dibiyapur) and Kanchausi. Length of Railway Line in the district is 33 km. & it comes under North Central Railway zone.
- Jammu Tawi Muri Rourkela Express
- Kalka Mail
- Mahananda Express
- Toofan Express
- Gomti Express
- Lal Quila Express
- Unchahaar Express
Towns & Villages are well equipped with web of roads as it's being the major way of transportation in the region. National Highway 2 (Mughal Road) pass from the southern part of the district. District's headquarters Auraiya is at 64 km distance from Etawah and 105 km from Kanpur. Auraiya Bus Station is situated on National Highway 2. Uttar Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation operates buses to all cities in Uttar Pradesh. Regular buses ply from Auraiya to Kannauj, Kanpur, Agra, Allahabad and Faizabad.
According to the 2011 census Auraiya district has a population of 1,372,287, roughly equal to the nation of Swaziland or the US state of Hawaii. This gives it a ranking of 357th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 681 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,760 /sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 16.3%. Auraiya has a sex ratio of 864 females for every 1000 males,and a literacy rate of 80.25%.
Ajitmal is the famous town of the district in field of education. Janta Maha Vidhyalaya, Janta Inter College, BTC training centre DIET are the excellent institutes of Ajitmal.
In 1991, Hindus percentage was 92.79% against the state average of 83.76% and 6.63% of Muslims as compared to the state average of 15.48%. The remaining 0.58% of the district population was Sikhs, Christians, Jains and Buddhists. Phaphoond is a great markaj of silsilaye chisti. Aastana Aaliya Phaphund Shareef (Dargah Hazrat Khwaja Abdussamad Chishty and Dargah Hazrat Zafar Shah Bukhari ) is located in Phaphund, a town 16 km from Auraiya. Kudarkot is a historic place is famous for Rukmini temple. It is said that maika of Rukmini the patrani of Lord Krishna was in Kudarkot. Jana is a village where King Janmejay had performed his Naag yagya. Dobamaafi is a village where Rishi Durvasa Ashram is there. Famous Devkali Shiv Mandir, Devkali Kali Mandir, Malhausi mandir, Sahar Devi Mandir, Alopa Devi Mandir Rukmini Teerthdham Kudarkot etc are main religious places. Village Sonasi has a Jain temple.