Saharanpur is a city and a Municipal Corporation in the state of Uttar Pradesh in northern India. It is the administrative headquarters of Saharanpur District as well as Saharanpur Division. Situated close to the borders o f Haryana and Uttarakhand states, and surrounded by a very fertileagricultural region plentiful yields in grains and fruits, Saharanpur is a flourishing city in Uttar Pradesh. Saharanpur is famous for its wood carving cottage industry. It is a thriving market of local agricultural produce, including basmati rice and mangoes. A variety of agro-based industrial enterprises – such as textiles, sugar, paper and cigarette factories – are located here.
The district headquarters are Saharanpur city and it belongs to Saharanpur Division. Other principal towns are Behat, Deoband, Gangoh and Rampur Maniharan.
Saharanpur forms the most northerly position of the land known as the Doab which stretches between the holy rivers of the Ganges and the Yamuna. TheShivalik hills rise above it on the northern frontier. The portion of the Doab in which Saharanpur is situated was probably one of the first region of upper India occupied by the Aryans colonisers as they spread eastward from the Punjab. Saharanpur is like any other city of western Uttar Pradesh in language, dress, food habits, festivals, and other traditions and ceremonial functions. Cinemas, hotels, and eateries are available for entertainment. Local editions of Hindiand Urdu newspapers are published. Khadiboli is the lingua franca in which local Punjabi speakers are fluent. Dhoti and Kurta are traditional men's garments. Women wear dhoti (Saree) and Salwar-kurti, that originates from the Punjab as a number of Punjabi people have migrated to Saharanpur.
Saharanpur is a flourishing business city and an important regional centre of wholesale and retail trade, particularly in grain, timber, textiles, and food and beverages. The trade can be divided into three categories: A. Food – Grains, Vegetables and Fruits. Milk and milk products. B. Agro Based Industries – The most important industries are Sugar, Gur, (Cotton) Textile and Cigarettes. Industrial Goods- Paper, Sugarcane, Hosiery Material & Wood Carving.Its grain market receives the agricultural produce of the Doab region. The wholesale market (Anaaj Mandi), for grains and other agricultural produce, is located on Chilkana Road. The timber market traditionally receives supplies from the northern hilly forest regions to support the local woodcarving cottage industry and other demands.Hosiery has become a significant cottage industry, supplying goods to Ludhiana market, other nearby cities, and Uttarakhand’s markets.